Answers to Feb-Mar'24

Answers to Feb-Mar'24

1.  A simple urine test can help diagnose Diabetes.

a: True

A laboratory may test your urine for the presence of glucose and ketones in the urine. If either is present in the urine, it could mean that you are not producing enough insulin. Healthy individuals generally shouldn't have glucose in their urine at all. If the test shows the presence of glucose in your urine, you should discuss the possible causes with your doctor. Urine testing does not test your current blood levels of glucose. It can only provide insights into whether or not glucose is spilling into your urine. Blood glucose testing is the primary test used to determine actual glucose levels.

2.  Which of the following is an energy-dense food

c: Gulab jamun Energy density is the amount of energy (or calories) per gram of food. Lower energy density foods provide less energy per gram of food so you can eat more of them without consuming too many calories. These include foods with a high water content, such as soups and stews, foods like pasta and rice that absorb water during cooking, and foods that are naturally high in water, such as fruit and vegetables. High energy density foods tend to include foods that are high in fat and have a low water content, for example biscuits and confectionery, crisps, peanuts, butter and cheese.

3.  Smoking and Diabetes increase the chance of heart diseases.

a: True - Both high levels of glucose in the blood and smoking damage the walls of the arteries in such a way that fatty deposits can build up much easier. As this occurs, the blood vessels narrow and make circulating blood much harder. When this happens to the coronary arteries (the arteries that supply the heart muscle with blood and therefore oxygen) a heart attack can occur. So if you smoke when you have Diabetes, you are putting yourself at a much greater risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke.

4. People with Diabetes should consume a _________ diet.

a: Balanced diet Diabetes is on the rise, yet most cases are preventable with healthy lifestyle changes. Some can even be reversed. Taking steps to prevent and control Diabetes doesn't mean living in deprivation; it means eating a tasty, balanced diet that will also boost your energy and improve your mood. You don't have to give up sweets entirely or resign yourself to a lifetime of bland food. A Diabetes diet is simply a healthy eating plan that is high in nutrients, low in fat and added sugar, and moderate in calories. It is a healthy diet for anyone! The only difference is that you need to pay more attention to some of your food choices most notably the carbohydrates you eat.

5.  Type 2 Diabetes is observed in children.

a: True - Being diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes is no longer just restricted to adults. With easy access to fast food and lack of physical activity children are becoming obese, which is one of major factor for developing Type 2 Diabetes. However, children and teens may be able to prevent Diabetes or delay its onset for many years. Small changes can make a big difference. Even a small amount of weight are becoming obese, which is one of major factor for developing Type 2 Diabetes. However, children and teens may be able to prevent Diabetes or delay its onset for many years. Small changes can make a big difference. Even a small amount of weight loss can help prevent or delay Diabetes.

6. Strength training helps lower blood glucose levels.

a: True - Strength training (also called resistance training) makes your body more sensitive to insulin and can lower blood glucose. It helps to maintain and build strong muscles and bones, reducing your risk for osteoporosis and bone fractures. The more muscle you have, the more calories you burn even when your body is at rest. The American Diabetes Associations recommends some type of strength training at least 2 times per week in addition to aerobic activity.

7.  Risk factors for Diabetes include

d: All of these (obesity, genetics and sedentary lifestyle) - Type 2 Diabetes develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin. Exactly why this happens is unknown, although genetics and environmental factors, such as excess weight and inactivity, seem to be contributing factors.

8. Mono saturated fats are healthy fats.

a: True -Monounsaturated fats (MUFAs) are good fats. Common sources of MUFAs are olive oil, avocadoes and nuts. Monounsaturated fats are a healthy alternative to the trans fats and refined polyunsaturated fats you find in most processed foods. Research shows that diets with healthy amounts of monounsaturated fats have a host of amazing health benefits including

  • Decreased risk for breast cancer

  • Reduced cholesterol levels

  • Lower risk for heart disease and stroke

  • Weight loss

  • Less severe pain and stiffness for sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis

  • Reduced belly fat

9. Diabetes occurring due to excess steroid levels is called

b: Cushing syndrome A state of excess steroids, which many block insulin action, leading to Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes occurs due to an autoimmune attack on the beta cells of the pancreas. Gestational Diabetes is Diabetes of pregnancy; and the cause of metabolic syndrome is unknown.

10. Which of this factor is unknown to increase the risk of Type 2 Diabetes

d: Cow's milk intake Cow's milk intake has not been linked to Type 2 Diabetes. Earlier, scientific reports suggested that cow's milk intake can increase the risk of Type 1 Diabetes because certain proteins (for example bovine serum albumin) present in cow's milk may cross react with pancreatic islet proteins, triggering an autoimmune attack on the pancreas. However, this has never been proven.

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