Researchers at the Cleveland Clinic studied over 4,000 people in the U.S. and Europe to discover whether erythritol was associated with an increased risk of heart attack and stroke. Erythritol is a sugar alcohol used as a low calorie sweetener. Erythritol belongs to a class of compounds called sugar alcohols. It functions as low-calorie sweeteners in sugar-free or low sugar products. Because of the way these molecules are structured, it can stimulate the sweet taste receptors on the tongue. Table sugar has 4 calories per gram but Erythritol has 0.24 calories per gram.
The study found with higher blood erythritol levels were at elevated risk of experiencing a major adverse cardiac event such as heart attack, stroke or death. Erythritol made it easier for blood platelets to form a clot. Clotting is necessary in the human body as we would bleed to death from cuts and injuries. This process occurs internally in our blood vessels as blood platelets are constantly clotting to close holes in blood vessels due to wear and tear.