Obesity and overweight are one of the major causes of concerns among physicians and healthcare providers across the world. A recent research study published in the Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism has found that obesity and overweight are associated with undiagnosed Diabetes and high blood pressure in the rural parts of India..The study was conducted on 29,324 participants from different villages of Maharashtra for 5 years. They were regularly monitored for their blood sugar levels, body mass index (BMI or the measure of body weight based on the height and weight of a person) and blood pressure. The outcomes have shown that 16.5 per cent of participants were overweight whereas 26.4 per cent were obese. Nearly 20.5 per cent of people were newly diagnosed with high blood pressure. and 11.4 per cent people were diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes. The study has concluded that a change in lifestyle and food habits may be responsible for increasing cases of obesity and other metabolic conditions in rural areas.