Type 2 Diabetes is caused by several factors such as sedentary lifestyle, obesity, high lipid levels, age, prediabetes and genetic factors. A recent research study conducted at Brunel University, UK has found two new factors that could lead to Type 2 Diabetes - an increased level of fat in the liver and a decreased size of the pancreas.
The research study was conducted on 32,859 people who underwent an MRI scan. The research study found that excess fat in the liver and the pancreas hampered the insulin-glucagon balance in the body. A 5 per cent increase in liver fat could increase the risk of Twe 2 Diabetes by 27 per cent. Similarly, a higher amount of fat in the pancreas could impact insulin secretion in the body leading to Twe 2 Diabetes. The study recommended treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and weight loss to prevent Type 2 Diabetes.