A person is diagnosed to have prediabetes when blood sugar level tests, repeated on two separate occasions, show a higher than normal result but are not high enough for the individual to be to be diagnosed as having Diabetes.
Prediabetes is detected through simple blood tests by measuring glucose levels before and after oral glucose intake. People who have fasting plasma blood glucose within the 100-125 mg/dL range are defined as having impaired fasting glucose. If your doctor gives you an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and at two-hours your blood glucose is 140-199 mg/dL, you are said to have impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or prediabetes.
Simple lifestyle modifications such as diet control and physical activity are known to significantly lower your chances of developing Type 2 Diabetes. Some effective tips to pre-empt Type 2 Diabetes are:
- Eat a balanced diet.
- Increase intake of fibre. Foods high in fibre include fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains and nuts.
- Eat whole grains instead of processed foods.
- Substitute sugary drinks with water.
- Physical activity: 30 minutes of aerobic exercises from (Monday to Friday) and 30 minutes of resistance training on weekends.
- Visit your doctor and get checked annually for timely medical care.
- Quit smoking and avoid alcoholic drinks.
Type 2 Diabetes, though common, can be prevented. Prediabetes increases your risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes and heart disease. Hence, if you have prediabetes, please do undergo an annual health check-up. Type 2 Diabetes is due to genetic factors as well as lifestyle factors. The latter can be modified, so eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly if you have prediabetes.